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Cellulosic Ethanol

Beyond The Hype

Corn is not the only source of renewable fuel in America.  Every plant has cell tissues that contain sugars.  Getting those sugars to the place where they ferment and produce alcohol requires two extra processes than grain ethanol.  Those two processes exist due to a plant’s tough exterior and a mixture of sugars that do not ferment.  Both of these characteristics will impede the manufacture of ethanol if ignored.

Cellulosic Ethanol, the ability to make alcohol from cellulose, produces much less product than its grain counterpart.  For an equivalent ton of raw material, Switchgrass produces an estimated 157.2 gallons, Sugarcane around 120.2 gallons, with Corn Ethanol at 96.43 gallons on the average, and Cellulosic Ethanol churns out merely 74.6 gallons.  Depending on the technology, without considering the retail value of any by-product, profit for many begins to breakeven at 112.5 gallons per ton of bio-mass.  Corn Ethanol must sell its leftover pulp (distiller's grain) in livestock feed at a premium in order to be profitable, and that drives up food prices (Newsweek, "Now it’s the $6 dollar loaf of bread", May 5, 2008).

Many think the answer is better plant material, but the Continental U.S. does not have sufficient tropical climate and water tables to support these sugar crops, and such is the Western dilemma (www.glgroup.com/News/Will-Kansas-corn-farmers-depete-their-Ogallala-aquifer-5006.html).  So, most ethanol inventions focus on one particular improvement: higher yield.  Increases in production can be fostered through advances in systems technology, sugar transit, quality of yeast, operations stratagies, and microbial performance and genetic manipulation.  Yet cellulosic ethanol has needed improvement in just one area to go beyond the 80 gallon per ton threshhold: utilization of the entire cell tissue.  The real potential in Cellulosic Ethanol is the conversion of the ²/3 unused portions of cell tissue into sugar.  That is because the sugar exists in only about ¹/3 of the plant fiber, and the rest is typically discarded.

Our research started with a purely organic process for breaking down the plant exterior, called an exoskeleton, in a pretreatment process called hydrolysis.  We discovered organisms will consume the unfermentable cell tissue and replace it with 22% sugars, and recycling the remaining material generates nearly 97% usage.  This discovery led to other advances, where the organic environment allowed for organic by-products to feed algae in a symbiotic bio-diesel reactor.  After the oil is extracted, the algae in turn doubles the raw materials that feeds the ethanol.  Repeat the Organic HydrolysisSM process and recycle the unused pulp, and we are able to make 5/3, or 152% of what we put into it.  The Super-cellulosicSM Hybrid Ethanol-BiodieselSM biorefinery boasts nearly identical output of 265 to 325 gallons of either fuel in concert with by-products for additional profitability.  Any other technology is just hype.

Ethanol In The News


Understanding The Reports

Whether one is concerned about oil prices and foreign control of oil, or the generational impact of carbon emissions and recent environmental calamities, ethanol is all over the news.   Perhaps it helps that ethanol both burns clean removing carbon buildup while reducing dependence on petroleum.

The environment has gotten increasingly more press since carbon levels were first reported as having long-lasting implications.  Back in April (2007), there was talk of the Virgin Group and Al Gore teaming up to create a contest for a carbon-negative process that sucks carbon emissions from the air.  A process for cellulosic ethanol can certainly reduce one’s carbon footprint, but our process also removes it.

With the advent of cellulosic ethanol, there is even now a plausible method of extracting vehicle fuel from municipal solid waste, further adding to its long list of benefits.  The catch is the amount of energy to produce it.  Most cellulosic processes only can make about 67% of what it takes to produce corn ethanol.  That number is the primary reason behind slow changes in recent House Energy legislation and GM Flex-fuel production lines.  No one wants the risk of all of their eggs in one basket, until they hear about our process.

Even plant biologists are looking for “a silver bullet.”  In an early November interview with Fareed Zakaria, Director of Plant Biology at Carnegie Institute, by the name of Chris Somerville indicated that ethanol is certainly important but it is still in question whether conventional methods would 

ever be enough to provide all transportation fuel.  Corn ethanol has an upper limit of 12 to 15 billion gallons that it can contribute, leaving around an 83% gap in the market.  However, 3F Inc's process can produce as much as 87.6% of the nation’s supply.

In the October issue of National Geographic, corn ethanol shows promise in the fact it produces 22% less greenhouse emissions, but last year it cost $1.09 per gallon in petroleum-based energy used to produce it.  Growing the corn takes massive amounts of water, nitrogen fertilizer, and diesel equipment, not to mention creating an increase in feed prices due to the uneven economic weight between fuel and grain.  From this report, it is believed there is no fuel crop that can solve the American energy dilemma without impacting the economy and environment in the process, except that our process utilizes trash and not grains.

The Washington Post reported October 19 that microbes are raising investor’s hopes and may provide both the cellulase and fermentation needed for high enough yield.  Now, For Fuel Freedom has beaten Danisco-Genecor and SunEthanol to the punch by its recent discovery and patenting its proprietary blend of microbes and enzymes.

For Fuel Freedom's proprietary process not only removes trash with an environmentally safe method and product, but also depletes carbon dioxide from the air with astounding ethanol yield, while at the same time can be generated in sufficient quantity to stave off economic and security concerns.  Thus, the magic bullet is not in a crop at all, it is the bugs beneath our feet.

Looking Forward

Statements about For Fuel Freedom’s future expectations, including future revenues and earnings, and all other statements contained herein or introduced other than historical facts are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and as the term is defined in the Private Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  For Fuel Freedom’s actual results could differ materially from expected results.  For Fuel Freedom undertakes no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect subsequently occurring events or circumstances.  Should events occur which materially affect any comments made within this objective, For Fuel Freedom will appropriately inform the public.

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